By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This publication will conceal a number of themes to intricate how proteomics could give a contribution in our figuring out of mechanisms occupied with tension edition. the information being amassed through quite a lot of proteomics applied sciences may perhaps finally be used in breeding courses to reinforce tension tolerance. This publication offers finished experiences approximately responses of crop and cattle to environmental stresses. demanding situations with regards to rigidity phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics information have additionally been addressed.
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Extra info for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
These include the alteration of root morphology to enhance P usage, modiﬁcations in carbon metabolism by bypassing steps that require P, and increased secretion of acid phosphatase (APase), ribonuclease (RNase) and organic acids in the roots to increase P availability in the soil [178–181]. Protein proﬁling of maize roots under P deprivation of a wild type (Qi-319) and low P tolerant mutant (99038) demonstrated differentially accumulated proteins under low P stress. These proteins were involved in multiple pathways, including carbon and energy metabolism, signal transduction, regulation of the cell cycle, and phytohormone metabolism .
They bind to speciﬁc functional groups in proteins, particularly to sulfhydryl groups of cysteine residues, and displace vital 2 Cereal Root Proteomics for Complementing the Mechanistic … 35 metal cations in enzyme binding sites, resulting to protein denaturation or enzyme inactivation . HMs are also known to disturb redox homeostasis by stimulating the formation of free radicals and ROS, which lead to lipid peroxidation, DNA strand cleavage, and oxidative damage to proteins . Ultimately, the result of heavy metal intoxication is altered plant metabolism as the plant makes strategies to combat the stress.
Cereals can be severely affected by adverse environmental conditions. Being important food sources, it is imperative that they are able to withstand numerous biotic and abiotic stresses. Abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, heat, cold and flooding cause molecular, biochemical, physiological and morphological changes in crop plants. These changes can severely affect cellular integrity and in turn cause major impairment in plant growth and reproduction, greatly reducing biomass and grain yield .